Physio therapy for Injuries to the Hand Wrist and Elbow
Injuries to the Hand, Wrist and Elbow occur from strains and sprains associated with falling and many stick and racquet sports such as tennis and hockey. As the bodies first and natural reaction to falling is to extend the hands and arms in preparation to cushion the impending impact. Sometimes it is better to tuck everything in and roll with the direction of the blow, but this is not always possible and can take a considerable degree of forethought and personal control.
Many young people experience injuries to the Hand, Wrist and elbows due to falls incurred through bicycle riding, skateboarding, scooter riding, roller skating. We always advise you to wear protection, but in the event that you incur injury to the hand, wrist or elbow there is much in gentle physiotherapy that can be done to exercise your way back to full and complete health.
Many racquet sports can cause injury to the hand, wrist or elbow through strain or overuse. We see many cases which are the result of tennis, squash and hockey injuries. A course of gentle exercise and diagnosis of the movements that caused the injury in concert with a prescribed course of exercise and pain relieving motion can contribute significantly to relief.
Experiencing Pain in the Knee - Physio for the Knee Joint (Meniscus and Medial Ligament Injury)
The human knee contains 2 c-shaped bits of cartilage that are great at protecting your leg bones, but they’re not always as good at protecting themselves! If you’ve been experiencing knee pain, swelling, and stiffness, or if you’re finding it hard to stretch or extend your leg, you may have mild damage to the cartilage in the knee. The good news is that physio for knee joint injury can be a very effective treatment.
There are many reasons for knee joint injury. It’s often seen in people who are active, because it can easily be caused by twisting the knee. Dancing, stretching, playing tennis, shooting hoops… any sport that involves pivoting can potentially damage the soft tissue and cartilage in the knee. Natural wear and tear with age is another cause, but The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners states that active 20 to 29 year olds are at greatest risk (and men are up to 4 times more likely to have knee pain than women).
Knee pain can be uncomfortable, but you don’t have to suffer in silence. Physio for knee joint pain is a very effective management technique. While the exact approach will depend on the severity of your injury, Melbourne CBD physiotherapists will usually create a personalised, gentle exercise programme designed just for you, to help strengthen the knee and leg muscles and recover any lost movement.
If you’re suffering with knee pain, find out more about our physio for knee joint injury - click here.
Physiotherapy and exercise those experiencing pain from Knee Arthritis (Knee Osteoarthritis – Knee OA)
If you’ve been experiencing pain, swelling, and stiffness in your knee, but you haven’t had any sort of sporting injury, it’s possible that you may have knee arthritis. This happens when the cartilage that sits in between your knee joints starts to show signs of natural wear and tear. It means the cartilage can’t act as a protective cushion, so the joints begin rubbing together. Physio for knee arthritis pain can help.
‘Knee arthritis’ is actually knee osteoarthritis. This is a type of arthritis that has a physical cause (damage to the knee cartilage) rather than being caused by disease. According to the Medical Journal of Australia, a whopping 1.2 million Australians have osteoarthritis. Unfortunately, knee arthritis is a natural part of the ageing process for many people, and so it’s often those aged 60 and over that experience this sort of pain. However, it’s certainly not unheard of for younger people in their 20s and 30s to have arthritis.
Physio for knee arthritis pain is usually based on the same techniques that are used in physio for knee joint injury. The programme typically involves setting up a tailored exercise regime that’s designed to strengthen the muscles. While this doesn’t directly treat osteoarthritis, it is very effective for pain management, and can help to relieve discomfort and help sufferers enjoy a better quality of life.
If you’re suffering with age-related knee pain, find out more about our physio for knee arthritis - click here
Physio for Knee Joint due to Injury of the ACL (anterior cruciate ligament)
ACL injuries are one of the most common knee injuries usually heralded by with ‘What was that noise?’. If you’re in the middle of playing football, basketball, or any other sport and you hear a distinctive ‘pop’ or ‘click’ in your knee, then it’s likely you’ve just experienced an ACL knee joint injury. The sound is often followed by swelling in the knee and pretty significant pain. While this sort of damage can take quite a while to heal, physio for knee joint injury can help to minimise the pain during healing.
The Australian Physiotherapy Association reports that Australia actually has the highest rate of knee joint injury in the world. We’re seeing more and more cases in the under 18s, who are perhaps more likely to participate in contact sports and extreme activities that can cause the ligament in the knee joint to rip and tear. When this happens, a part of the knee’s vital structure is compromised, meaning it struggles to keep everything just where it should be. Often, the knee joint actually slips forward. Ouch!
Unfortunately, if you have a ACL knee joint injury, it’s possible that you’ll need surgery to fix it, and rehabilitation can take as long as 18 months. This time is necessary, though, to reduce the risk of further damage. The good news is that, here at Melbourne CBD Physio, we’re experts in pre and post operative care, offering physio for knee joint injury to prepare you for surgery, and strengthen the knee afterwards.
If you’ve suffered a ligament tear, find out more about our physio for knee joint injury - click here
Physiotherapy for pain in the shin is sometimes caused by growth spurts (Osgood Schlatters condition)
Pain in the area of the shin, just below the knee joints is a common presentation in many younger patients (10 – 15 years old) experiencing growth spurts, strains or sprains in this area. This condition known as Osgood-Schlatters, is a common cause of knee pain in growing adolescents. It is an inflammation of the area just below the knee where the tendon from the kneecap (patellar tendon) attaches to the shinbone (tibia). The pain may become worse with exercise, particularly weight-bearing exercise such as running, football and sports involving jumping like basketball. Pain is caused by the tendon that attaches the quadricep muscles to the knee joint becoming tighter, creating strain on the growing tibial bone, and can become pronounced with physical activities.
X-rays may be taken to look at the bones of the knee and leg and to more closely examine the area where the kneecap tendon attaches to the shinbone. The condition usually resolves without formal treatment, and symptoms typically disappear after your child's bones stop growing. Sometimes light pain relief medication may be recommended but at Melbourne CBD Physio we like to teach your child some exercises to stretch the thigh's quadriceps, and help reduce the tension where the kneecap (patella) tendon attaches to the shinbone. A pressure bandage can help relieve the tension, but strengthening exercises for the quadricep region and legs in general will help to stabilize the knee joint.
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Injuries to the Achillies Tendon can lead to considerable Ankle Pain requiring Physiotherapy
If your calf feels like you’ve knocked it against something, or like someone’s kicked it, it may not actually be your calf itself that’s the problem. The issue could stem from the Achilles tendon, which is located just a little way above your ankle, with the pain radiating outwards. The tendon is a large cord, and if this cord becomes damaged, it can make your ankle feel sore. Physio for ankle pain can provide some relief.
This kind of Ankle pain is very common among athletes, as well as anyone who participates in sporting activities, or any other type of physical activity which places strain on the ankle. What often happens is that we try and push ourselves further, placing more strain on the ankle than it can handle. The cord can develop tiny rips over time as we put pressure on it, making it weaker and weaker. And although the rips are only small, they can deliver a lot of pain, with some people feeling unable to move around much.
Physio for ankle injury is one of the best ways to manage Achilles tendon pain. Here at Melbourne CBD Physio, we focus on gentle yet effective strengthening exercises which build up the tendon. This not only promotes healing, but also reduces the chance of future injury. We also incorporate stretching exercises and flexibility movements in our tendon management and rehabilitation programmes for all-round care.
If you’ve got ankle pain that isn’t getting better, it’s worth finding out more about our physio for ankle pain.
Physio for the Foot and Ankle Injury (Plantar Fascia strain)
Pain in the sole of the foot that spreads outwards towards the toes is very common, and it’s often caused by the connective tissue that connects the heel with the toes known as the Plantar Fascia. This soft tissue can start to thicken, causing pain and a burning sensation. Pain is usually worse in the mornings, becoming more manageable in the afternoons when the foot ‘loosens up’ through movement. Physio for ankle injury can help further.
At Melbourne CBD Physio, around 8% of all patients we see with this type of foot pain are long distance runners. Running places a lot of strain on the base of the foot, especially if incorrect shoes are worn, which can damage the soft tissue of the Plantar Fascia. Other sports that put pressure on the heel, like dancing, can also increase the risk. But it’s not only sports people who can suffer with ankle pain. As we age, the muscles that support the foot become weaker, with the heel and ankle taking more of our weight as we walk.
The fact that ankle pain can often feel better in the afternoons suggests that gentle exercise can help to ‘free up’ the Plantar Fascia loosening up and easing pain in the ankle and heel, and minimising discomfort. At Melbourne CBD Physio, our physio for ankle pain and physio for ankle injury programmes are based on guidance from The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners, which recommends gentle foot stretches for 8 weeks to encourage healing.
If you’ve got ankle pain that isn’t getting better, it’s worth finding out more about our physio for ankle injury.
Hip Injury (Hip Impingement) can take many forms, most of which respond well to Physiotherapy
Hip injury can cause a lot of pain in the hip itself, as well as in other areas of the body. In fact, Australian Family Physician reports that 35% of people with hip injury have pain in the thigh, 29% in the buttocks, 27% in the knee, and 23% in the lower back. So if you’ve been experiencing pain in any of these places, it’s possible that the root cause is hip injury. Specialist physio for hip injury can help reduce this pain.
One of the most common causes of hip pain is unusual bone growth on the hip that stops the joints from moving normally. This can happen when the cartilage in the hip is damaged, and prevents the hip ‘ball’ and hip ‘socket’ from moving smoothly together. Although there are many ways that the cartilage can become damaged, sports that rely on large hip movements are often the culprit. This can include martial arts, cycling, playing golf, rowing, and stretching and lifting activities, in particular deep squatting.
At Melbourne CBD Physio, the first step that we take is always to ensure that your hip is the cause of cartilage damage, so we’ll often start with a referral for x-ray which can show us what’s going on. After that, we’ll design a physio for hip injury programme based on a mix of strength and biomechanics, along with massage and tissue release. We’ll also help you to improve your posture for reduced pain.
If you’re unsure why your hip is hurting, we can help, both with diagnosis and with management through physio for hip injury. Find out more about Hip Injury here.
Physiotherapy for Groin and Pelvic strain and pain from Injury
Fortunately, most groin injuries (Adductor strain) respond well to gentle physiotherapy and exercise. These injuries are signalled usually by a dull ache – or even a sharp pain – in the groin area (the area below your stomach but above your thighs) is usually nothing to worry about. While it’s always best to get a referral to a doctor for a diagnosis, in most cases this sort of groin pain is caused by mild injury. There are lots of muscles, tendons, and ligaments in the groin, so there are plenty of opportunities for damage in this area.
Muscles, tendons, and ligaments in the groin are often damaged simply by over-stretching them, which can happen easily in physical sporting activities that involve lots of rapid directional changes where the hips are moving quickly. This includes sports like football, hockey, basketball, and even dance. The damage prevents the groin from moving fully (even if you don’t realise it), which can make things worse. Physio for groin injury is often recommended to help keep you mobile, and strengthen the groin region.
At Melbourne CBD Physio, many of our expert physiotherapists have entered the field due to their own personal history with sporting injuries. Our physios in Melbourne are experts in sports injuries, with first-hand knowledge of the best ways to minimise and manage pain. Our physio for groin pain programmes are based on restoring muscle strength, ensuring that the groin can handle the pressure it needs to.
If you’ve got pain in your groin, we can help, both with diagnosis and with management through physio for groin injury - click here for more.
Physiotherapy for Lateral Hip Pain can ease the discomfort of aging
If you’ve been having a touch of hip pain that feels worse when you’re walking down hill, standing on one leg, or after you’ve been sitting still for a while, you may have a special kind of hip injury that affects the bony bits around the joint. This type of injury (Gluteus Medius Tendinopathy) is very common, but it can also get worse over time, so it’s important to find management techniques that help to reduce discomfort, such as physio for hip pain.
This special type of hip pain is known as ‘lateral’ hip pain or Gluteus Medius Tendinopathy. Which means it’s pain that occurs on the outer edge of the hip, which can spread down towards the thigh. It’s most often seen in women over the age of 45. That’s because natural changes in hormone levels can make the bone more brittle and susceptible to damage, so it’s sometimes unable to properly support the hip. This can help you change how you walk, and change your posture (though you may not realise it), which can make things worse.
At Melbourne CBD Physio, we take an alternative approach to physio for hip injury. Looking at research in this area, the Executive Councillor for the Australasian College of Sports Physicians reports that around 20% of back pain is caused by lateral hip damage. This damage can also affect how the pelvis moves. That’s why we borrow aspects from physio for pelvic pain, and physio for back pain, in our approach.
If you’ve got hip pain, back pain, or pain in the pelvic region, don’t suffer in silence click here to learn more.
Physiotherapy for the various injuries resulting in Shoulder Pain
Although there are many different reasons for shoulder pain, it's frequently caused by damage to one of the 4 small muscles that surround the shoulder bone, around the Rotator Cuff. Even minor damage can affect how well the arm is able to move, especially upwards around the head, and the pain can be very uncomfortable. Some people with Rotator Cuff pain, report shoulder pain that’s quite dull, while others feel a sharper, more sudden pain.
One of the biggest and most likely causes of shoulder pain is participating in throwing sports, such as tennis, or any sort of activity that involves repeatedly moving the arms above the head, such as dance. These movements can affect both the shoulder bone, and the muscles. Because the shoulder is so closely connected to the neck and spine, you’ll often find that physio for shoulder injury also includes aspects of physio for neck pain, and physio for spine injury, to provide a comprehensive treatment programme.
At Melbourne CBD Physio, our ultimate aim is to help you recover while avoiding surgery if possible. That’s because non-surgical treatments for shoulder pain are shown to be highly effective. Australian Family Physician reports that 50% of people with shoulder pain treated conservatively recover in 6 months, and 60% within 12 months. And if we feel you need specialist referral, we can sort it.
If your shoulder has been hurting, physio could be the answer - click here to find out more.